Periodontitis is gum disease. Gingival flap surgery is one treatment used to treat this gum disease and fight infection. The initial treatment for moderate or advanced gum disease is scaling and root planing.

If scaling and planing do not help in treating periodontitis, flap surgery may be recommended. Osseous (or bone) surgery can also be performed along with flap surgery if needed.

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Flap surgery treats the gums by separating them from the teeth and folding them back to allow access to the foot of the tooth and the bone. Before flap surgery is performed, the plaque and tartar are removed from around the teeth. General health and current medications will be assessed to determine if it is safe to perform the flap surgery.

The area of the surgery will be numbed with local anesthetic for patient comfort. A scalpel is used to separate the gums from the teeth. The gums are lifted or folded back to form a flap. The flap creates direct access to the roots and bone supporting the teeth. Any inflamed tissue is removed from holes in the bone or in between teeth. Scaling and planing are done to clear away plaque and tartar that has accumulated below the gum line. If there are defects found in the bone, a process called osseous recontouring is performed, which smooths the edges of the bone.

Houston Dental Esthetics can determine if flap surgery will help you regain optimal dental health.